Minority Language Students

Norwegian language education for students with a mother tongue other than Norwegian

When you come to Trondheim, you will have to find out which school the child belongs to (The local school).

Contact the local school and they will inform you about what the Municipality of Trondheim can offer. The child can either attend his or her local school or a school with reception classes (schools that provide extended learning programmes for minority language speakers). The local school can help you decide what is the best solution for your family.

Schools with reception classes

The municipality offers newly arrived minority language students a place at a school with reception classes for up to one year. If you want the child to attend such a school, ask your local school to apply for a place on your behalf. Applications are processed by the Department for Education and Early Development.

If the child has good enough Norwegian skills, we recommend that it starts at his or her local school.

Trondheim has six schools with reception classes for newly arrived minority language students, four primary schools (Bispehaugen, Ila, Kattem, Saupstad) and two secondary schools (Huseby and Rosenborg).

Adapted education in Norwegian

Your child is entitled to adapted education in Norwegian until he or she has good enough skills in Norwegian to follow the curriculum in an ordinary class. Adapted education in Norwegian means that the child is provided a course in basic Norwegian. In some cases it may also mean mother tongue instruction or a combination of learning subjects in both Norwegian and the mother tongue. Students are screened continuously at school in order to assess whether they have sufficient skills in Norwegian to follow regular education at a local school. As soon as the pupil’s Norwegian skills are sufficient, the right to adapted education in Norwegian for language minorities lapses.

Schools screen students’ Norwegian skills cf. Education Act § 2-8, in order to assess whether the child needs adapted education. If the school finds that your child needs adapted Norwegian education, an individual decision is made. An individual decision describes how the education is to be organized and the amount of hours per week your child will be offered. 

Reading and writing instruction in mother tongue Year 1-3

If the child has good language skills in his or her mother tongue, it can utilize the mother tongue as a resource to improve Norwegian skills. This means receiving mother tongue instruction in order to become better in Norwegian. The right to reading and writing instruction in the mother tongue follows the right to adapted education in Norwegian. This means that your child is not entitled to instruction in his or her mother tongue unless he or she also receives adapted Norwegian education.  Reading and writing instruction in mother tongue takes place after ordinary school hours in Year 1-3. The instruction can take place at a different school than the child normally attends.

Bilingual subject education Year 4-10

The municipality offers bilingual subject education for Year 4-10 students. This type of education usually takes place during ordinary school hours. Bilingual subject education implies that the teacher utilizes both the mother tongue and Norwegian as a means to assist the child’s learning process in various school subjects, including Norwegian. The municipality of Trondheim has bilingual teachers in many languages. If the municipality does not have qualified teachers with your mother tongue, your child will receive extra hours with adapted Norwegian education instead.

Resources online

Various online material developed by the municipality of Trondheim (Norwegian page)

 

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